10 years ago, Margaret Thatcher died. Supporters remember her as the “Iron Lady”, and opponents greeted the news of her death with “The Witch is Dead” posters. For both, it is the main symbol of neoliberalism — Meduza

Ten years ago, Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of Britain in the 1980s, who, thanks to her tough anti-communist stance, was one of the most popular politicians among people in Eastern Europe (including the end of the USSR), died. In the UK itself, it has an ambiguous reputation. A year after his dramatic resignation (by decision of his own party), Thatcher’s rule was approved by 52% of Britons, and 48% saw his nearly 11 years in office as a failure. In fact, there were no indifferent people – they loved her or hated her. Hated for sometimes excessive rigidity, not only by opponents, but also by many former supporters – for the simultaneous tendency to compromise and radical solutions. Supporter of the theory of “monetarism”, which proclaimed a blessing in the reduction of taxes and public spending, she resigned, among other things, because of a reckless increase in taxes. But by this time, the rejection of the central role of the state in the economy – and Thatcher’s war on the unions – had changed the very foundations of British society.

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